It is actually very common for a dog with normally itchy skin to have some hair loss in areas where they've been obsessively scratching, licking, pulling or biting. The underlying cause for itchy skin with hair loss can include allergies, bacterial and fungal skin infections and parasitic infestations such as demodectic or sarcoptic mange.
But what if your dog isn’t itchy? What if they have none of these conditions where hair thinning or falling out is considered “normal”? Should you be concerned?
The first thing to remember is to educate yourself. Your dog needs you to know what’s going on because they can’t tell you what’s bothering them. Get plenty of information and if you think there is something more seriously wrong with your dog, be sure to take them to your regular vet as soon as possible.
There are many different reasons and causes for your dog having hair loss issues if they are not experiencing combined itchiness.
1. Alopecia X
Alopecia X is an endocrine condition that is commonly referred to as black skin disease. It's a cosmetic skin condition characterized by areas of hair loss and hyperpigmentation.
Alopecia X is caused by an imbalance of sex hormones that causes hair loss or inability to regrow the coat, coupled with insufficient production of melatonin, which is what causes the skin to darken over time.
2. Reactions to drugs or vaccines
Your dog could be experiencing hair loss due to a negative reaction caused by a recent dose of antibiotics, a new flea medication, heartworm medication or other vaccines. Chat with your vet if you notice irregular hair and skin issues in your dog after a dose of medicine.
Hypothyroidism is a condition where a dog's thyroid is underactive and unable to produce enough of the hormone thyroxine to meet the body's needs. Hypothyroidism is more common in medium to large dogs of both sexes who are between the ages of 4 and 10.
4. Pressure Sores
If your dog has pressure sores, also called decubital ulcers or bedsores, typically can be found on your dog's elbows or other bony body parts that often come in contact with hard services. The skin in these areas can become rough, callused and hairless, and can even crack and bleed. Be sure to keep an eye on these areas for your dog, to care for their skin.
5. Zinc-responsive Dermatosis
This disorder can show up in dogs being fed cheap food. but also is sometimes found in breeds like Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes, and Doberman Pinschers. Your dog can develop this even if they are eating enough zinc.
The symptoms are hair loss around the ears, eyes, and mouth, combined with crusty elbows and feet. Dogs with these symptoms might need zinc supplements to get better. Check with your vet to make sure that it isn’t a genetic issue that needs lifelong treatment.
When your dog is experiencing symptoms of skin and coat growth issues, pay attention. Keep an eye on how long the issue persists, if the hair loss spreads or gets more severe with certain triggers, etc. The best thing you can do is provide your dog with a diet and supplements to keep their skin and coat healthy and nourished.